History of Pens
At least 25,000 years ago, there existed inscribed pictures about human and animals inside the primitive caves.
In 2000 BC, Chinese invented the brush pen made of mouse hair.
In 700 BC, Roman invented quill-pen, which was made of a feather on the wing of some large birds and acted as the primary writing tool in the West in the following 1000 years.
In 1830, William Joseph Gillot, a iron worker, and William Mitchell, James Steven invented the method of producing mass nibs. In the following 20 years, the quality of pen had been improved greatly and the people who wrote with quill-pen became less and less.
In 1984, Louis Edison Woltman, an insurance salesman, invented the first practical fountain pen after he had lost an important client because of a broken pen.
In 1938, Ladislaw Bilow, a Hungarian reporter, and his brother Georg invented the first practical ball pen. What they used in the pen was the printing ink that could become dry quickly.
The British government permitted them to produce the ball pen for airmen of Royal Air Force because in the airplane the ball pen wound not leak
ink as the fountain pen did.
In 1966, Fisher invented the space pen for NASA. The compressed ink tube of space pen could make it possible for astronaut to write under the
In 1984, Gel ink pen was invented in Japan. It was some kind of product between ball pen and mark pen with gel ink inside.
The late 18th / early 19th century The true Fountain (ink storing) Pen appears .
The period 1880 to 1900 The world takes on a proliferation of fountain pen from the world's inventors , however many were not practical.
In 1884 a 45 year old American insurance broker Lewis Edson Waterman credited the first practical fountain pen after losing one important client for the bad pen
In 1927 a Waterman Director M. Perrand. invented the ink cartridge ,he resolved the potentially messy process of refilling fountain pens with liquid ink from a bottle.
He put the ink into a small glass tube with a cork stopper.
Pencil and Eraser
About 1564 an unknown person discovered Graphite firstly in the Seathwaite Valley on the side of the mountain Seathwaite Fell in Borrowdale, near Keswick, England ,it’s a form of carbon. Shortly after this the first pencils were made in the same area.
In 1795 The breakthrough in pencil technology came when French chemist Nicolas Conte developed and patented the process used to make pencils in 1795. He used a mixture of clay and graphite that was fired before it was put in a wooden case. The pencils he made were cylindrical with a slot. The square lead was glued into the slot and a thin strip of wood was used to fill the rest of the slot. Pencils got their name from the old English word meaning 'brush'.
In 1839 Charles Goodyear discovered a way to cure rubber and make it a lasting and useable material. He called his process vulcanization, after Vulcan, the Roman god of fire.
In 1858 Hyman Lipman from Philadelphia issued the first patent for attaching an eraser to a pencil. This patent was later held to be invalid because it was merely the combination of two things, without a new use.
The early 1940s One source claims that the Hammacher Schlemmer Company of New York offered the world's first electric pencil sharpener designed by Raymond Loewy, sometime in the early 1940s.
In 1861 The first pencil factory was builted by Eberhard Faber in the United States in New York City.
Fibre Tip Pen
The 1940's the original Fibre Tip pens were used in the 1940's with coarse wool felt tips.
In 1962 As we know, Yukio Horie of the Tokyo Stationery Company credited the modern Fibre Tip pen The product was ideally suited to the strokes of Japanese' picture' writing, which is traditionally produced with a pointed ink brush.Later The products have developed in many ways since that time with tips made of fine nylon and other synthetic fibres ground to a point.Other tips which have been developed include in 1973 a variation on the Ball Point pen where ink is drawn from the fibrous reservoir by a tip which then feeds the ink to the rear of a writing ball, which subsequently rolls it onto the paper. These are usually referred to generically as Roller Ball pens.